PHL 100. 3 cr.
Introduction to Philosophy
An introduction to philosophy through a consideration of such topics as the person, human values, freedom, morality, knowledge, death, the meaning of life, God, and the nature and destiny of human existence. Students come to understand that philosophy asks the most fundamental questions about ourselves, the world, and the relationship between the two. The method of philosophical thinking and critical reflection will be stressed.

PHL 140. 3 cr.
Topics in Critical Thinking
This course emphasizes the critical thinking skills necessary to particular disciplines, areas of inquiry, and subject matters. The topic studied will vary with the instructor and the semester in which the course is taught: in one semester, critical thinking for law or health care might be stressed; in another semester, the critical evaluation of visual media might be the topic.

PHL 150. 3 cr.
Introduction to Logic
A basic course in logic concerned with the improvement of reasoning in everyday life, this course stresses elementary argument forms, deductive and inductive reasoning, the analysis and assessment of arguments, the relationship between truth and validity, informal fallacies, and the recognition of good arguments. Although this course may include some elements of formal symbolic logic, the emphasis is on the study of arguments as expressed in a natural language such as English.

PHL 201. 3 cr.
An introductory examination of ethical theories and moral principles. Different sections of this course emphasize different topics and questions, including both issues in ethical theory and more specific or applied moral questions. Some of the issues include the following: whether morality is subjective or objective, the relationship between morality and religion, promoting the greatest good, doing one’s duty, virtue and character, the permissibility of abortion, euthanasia, capital punishment, animal experimentation. (Also offered as ETH 201).

PHL 202. 3 cr.
Person and Society

An in-depth study of the human person and the relationship of the individual to society. This includes consideration of the person as intelligent and free, the limits of society in making decisions for the individual, as well as the obligations the individual has toward society to maintain or promote "the common good" of the group.

PHL 208. 3 cr.
Philosophy of Feminism

An examination of the main varieties of feminist theory: liberal feminism, Marxist feminism, radical feminism, socialist feminism, lesbian feminism, and post-colonial feminism. The course also involves philosophical analysis of central themes in modern feminism, including sexism and oppression. Theory will be applied to practice in considering philosophical approaches to some of the following: race, class, and privilege, pornography and prostitution, violence against women, love, relationships, and marriage, and the role of men in feminism.

PHL 209. 3 cr.
Introduction to Existentialism
The existentialist movement hit its stride in the mid-20th century and includes such figures as Heidegger, Sartre, and Camus. Existentialism approaches traditional philosophical problems in a radically novel way and continues to be influential, not only in philosophy but also in literature, drama, and art. The course explores the central themes of this important philosophical movement through the careful reading and critical discussion of selected texts.

PHL 240. 3 cr.
Topics in Philosophy
Varying with both the semester and the instructor, this course requires students to examine a single issue or question in philosophy. The topic in any given semester will be influenced by student recommendations and faculty interests. Possible topics: philosophy of sex and love, philosophy and technology, philosophy and race, and philosophy and film.

PHL 241. 3 cr.
Philosophy of the Person
A study of the material and spiritual nature of the human: knowledge, love, freedom as manifesting human meaning, self-identity and self-consciousness, the nature and dignity of the person, death and immortality.

PHL 250. 3 cr.
Symbolic Logic
An introduction to the artificial language of sentential and predicate logic, which is designed to facilitate the symbolic representation of natural language (English) arguments. In addition to learning how to construct formal proofs for valid arguments, students learn the different logical properties that statements and sets of statements may have. The concepts of truth-functionality, validity, consistency, implication, and equivalence will be explored. Students will have a heightened appreciation of the logical functions of language.

PHL 301. 3 cr.
Social and Political Philosophy

An examination of the issues surrounding the state and the political agents who live in such states. The course may be oriented either historically or topically and may cover: ancient Greek political theory as articulated by Plato and Aristotle, the social contract tradition of Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau, Marxism, communitarianism, the nature of political obligation, justice, law, human rights, the nature and value of political liberty and equality, and the nature and value of patriotism.

PHL 302. 3 cr.
Philosophy of Religion
A study of the philosophical issues raised by religious practice and religious belief. In addition to arguments for the existence of God, the course will include the following topics: the problem of evil and attempted solutions, the epistemological significance of religious belief, the relationship between religious belief and religious practice, and the role of religion in contemporary society.

PHL 303. 3 cr.
Philosophy of God
A study of God’s existence and nature, of the ways God may be known, and of God’s significance for human life. Some of the traditional arguments will be examined, as well as reasons for belief, the meaning of faith, and the meaning of religious language.

PHL 304. 3 cr.
Aquinas and Thomism
An examination of the thought of St. Thomas in light of two opposed world-views prevalent in his day: the Extreme Aristotelians and the Augustinian Platonists. The philosophical method, and the role St. Thomas assigns to philosophy in the pursuit of truth will be considered, as well as a few basic problems of God, creation, human nature, knowledge, and morality. Recent developments in Thomism will be discussed.

PHL 305. 3 cr.
An examination of theories regarding the valuable/beautiful in our perceptual experience of both nature and works of fine art: the nature of the aesthetic, the different aesthetics which are characteristic of different cultures, societies, and individuals; the nature of art; the importance of anything’s being classified as art; the functions of the arts in society; the nature of artistic creation; the non-artist’s understanding of, response to, and evaluation of works of art.

PHL 306. 3 cr.
Greek Philosophy
An examination of the views of the three major ancient Western philosophers: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Pre-Socratic thinkers such as Parmenides, Anaxagoras, and Anaximenes may also be considered. Students should be prepared to extract and consider the philosophical arguments in the texts of these thinkers. The course may also include reading and consideration of some of the secondary literature in this area.

PHL 307. 3 cr.
Medieval Philosophy
An examination of the various syntheses of Greek philosophy and Christianity between the 4th and 14th centuries. The early attempt to reconcile Platonism and Christianity will be examined in the works of Augustine, Pseudo-Dionysius, Anselm and others, all proponents of Christian Neoplatonism. The later attempts to reconcile Aristotle and Christianity will be examined in the works of St. Thomas Aquinas and other theologian/philosophers of the 13th and 14th centuries.

PHL 308. 3 cr.
Early Modern Philosophy
An examination of the period in philosophy from the publication of Descartes’ Meditations in 1641, to the publication of the second edition of Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason in 1787. Philosophers in this period were examining the epistemological implications of the "new science,"as formulated by such figures as Galileo, Newton, and Kepler. The work of this period paved the way for the Western analytic tradition in the 20th century, and continues to influence philosophers today.

PHL 309. 3 cr.
Marxism and Christianity
An examination of the changing attitudes in the history of Christian-Marxist relations. Evaluations of philosophical and theological arguments for and against Marxism are made. Also included are new interpretations of Marx, the "theology" of liberation, and possible strategies for social change.

PHL 315. 3 cr.
Philosophy of Law and Politics
An examination of philosophical issues which arise concerning the nature of law and its relation to political life. It will compare and contrast views on the central question in analytic jurisprudence: what is law? There is a special emphasis on the impact of these interpretations on the Constitution. Other topics may include: the relationship between causality and negligence in tort, the morality of plea-bargaining, and the relationship between law and liberty.

PHL 320. 3 cr.
Contemporary Ethical Theory
A more philosophically advanced, sophisticated, and in-depth treatment of moral theory and specific ethical questions. Possible topics include: contemporary utilitarianism, contemporary Kantian ethics, virtue theory, the social contract theory of morality, recent feminist critiques of traditional moral theory, the nature of moral or practical reasons and their relation to motivation, the justification of morality, and moral psychology. Students are strongly encouraged to take PHL 201 prior to PHL 320.

PHL 356. 3 cr.
Peace and Social Justice

An introduction to the world dilemmas of peace and social justice, human dignity, racism, world hunger, economic power, war and the nuclear threat, and social change in Latin American, Eastern Europe, and Asia, through films, reading and discussion.

PHL 365. 3 cr.
African Philosophy and Culture


PHL 406. 3 cr.
An investigation of the nature of reality in general; the issues of materialism and idealism, change and permanence, the origin of the universe, etc. This course examines conceptual systems about reality through a study of classical examples of metaphysical systems, as well as the modern refutation of metaphysics stemming from Hume and Kant.

PHL 407. 3 cr.
An investigation of the nature, sources, and limits of human knowledge. Topics may include: the traditional philosophical conception of knowledge as justified true belief, the nature and objectivity of truth, skepticism about the external world, and the role and limits of science as a means of obtaining knowledge. In addition to considering classical and contemporary Western philosophical views on these topics, the course may also include criticism of the Western tradition itself.

PHL 415. 3 cr.
Advanced Topics in Philosophy
The content of the course will vary with the instructor and the semester in which it is offered, but in all cases it will involve a more sophisticated and in-depth treatment of a major figure in philosophy, and/or a major theme or issue.

PHL 440. 3 cr.
Contemporary Philosophy
An investigation of some of the major 20th century developments within Continental and Anglo-American philosophy, with special attention paid to questions or issues within epistemology and metaphysics/ontology. Particular movements studied include phenomenology, existentialism, postmodernism, and deconstruction within the Continental tradition, and pragmatism, naturalism, process philosophy, and analytic philosophy within the Anglo-American tradition.

PHL 445. 3 cr.
Phenomenology and Existentialism
An exploration of the major themes of phenomenology and existentialism, including: consciousness, methods of describing being, the ego, freedom, death, and meaning in life. This course includes readings from Husserl, Heidegger, Sartre, Merleau-Ponty, and Jaspers.




Explanation of course credits: (3-3-0) indicates 3 credit hours, 3 contact hours in class and 0 contact hours in laboratory per week.

PHY 108. 3-3-0
History of the Universe
Provides students with an understanding of the role the scientific process has in explaining the history of the universe. The role of experimental observation in the development of scientific theories will be discussed, as well as the philosophical nature of scientific theory. Students learn how physical principles are used to develop a coherent picture of natural sciences. The course discusses astronomical observations, the life cycles of planets and stars, and cosmology. Emphasis is also placed on earth science topics, including the structure and formation of geological features of the Earth and other planets in the solar system.

PHY 110. 2-1-2
Introduction to Physics
A special course for high school students providing an introduction to the basic principles of physics. Includes laboratory work.

PHY 120. 3-3-0
Physics for Architects
Prerequisite: MTH 121.
A general physics course designed to provide the architectural student with a basic understanding of physical principles involved in design.

PHY 130. 3-3-0
General Physics I
Prerequisite: Algebra.
Study of mechanics, fluids, heat, vibrations and waves. Emphasis will be placed on applications in the biological and medical sciences. Recommended for students preparing for medical, dental and health careers.

PHY 131. 1-0-3
General Physics Lab I
Co-requisite: PHY 130.
Laboratory to accompany PHY 130.

PHY 132. 3-3-0
General Physics II
Prerequisite: PHY 130.
Continuation of PHY 130 covering electricity and magnetism, optics, and modern physics. Emphasis will be placed on applications in the biological and medical sciences. Recommended for students preparing for medical, dental and health careers.

PHY 133. 1-0-3
General Physics Lab II
Co-requisite: PHY 132.
Laboratory to accompany PHY 132.

PHY 160. 3-4-0
General Physics I
Co-requisite: MTH 142.
A rigorous course in mechanics, fluid mechanics, heat and thermodynamics, vibrations and wave motion. This course is required for engineers and some science majors.

PHY 161. 1-0-3\
General Physics Lab I
Co-requisite: PHY 160.
Laboratory to accompany PHY 160.

PHY 162. 3-4-0
General Physics II
Prerequisite: PHY 160.
A rigorous course in electricity and magnetism and optics. This course is required for engineers and some science majors.

PHY 163. 1-0-3
General Physics Lab II
Co-requisite: PHY 162.
Laboratory to accompany PHY 162

PHY 364. 3-3-0
Introduction to Modern Physics
Prerequisite: PHY 162.
The essential experimental and theoretical developments in relativity, quantum physics, atomic and nuclear physics, and applications. Required for electrical engineering majors.

PHY 365. 1-0-3
Introduction to Modern Physics Lab
Co-requisite: PHY 364.
Laboratory to accompany PHY 364



Plastics and Polymer Engineering

PPE 422. 3-3-0
Polymer Processing
Prerequisites: E 314 , CHE 432.
Analysis of the fundamental processes involved in polymer processing. Principles of rheology, heat transfer, and materials science are applied to the design of equipment. Injection molding and extrusion are covered in detail. Basic parts design in terms of die forming and molding are discussed.

PPE 423. 3-0-9
Polymer Processing Laboratory
Co-requisite: PPE 422.
Experimental techniques and devices for the characterization and operation of polymer melting and deformation processes. Handling and treatment of the material and molded articles.

PPE 424. 3-2-3
Mechanical and Physical Properties of Polymers
Prerequisite: E 317.
Detailed analysis of the physical and mechanical properties of polymers from both the theoretical and experimental viewpoints. Emphasis is placed upon the general principles and useful empirical generalizations. They include creep and stress relaxation phenomena, complex modulus, glass transition, free volume, rubber elasticity, and others. Also, discussions of basic principles relative to the applications such as material selection and part design.

PPE 428. 3-3-0
Polymer Surface Coatings I
Prerequisite: CHM 420.
An analysis of the chemical, physical and mechanical properties of polymers related to their functions as protective coatings. Polymers, such as acrylics, alkyds, polyesters and polyurethane are compared with regard to their performance characteristics. The effect of solvents (and mixtures of solvents), fillers, and wetting agents are related to the special requirements of coatings. The equipment required for the preparation and application of coatings is discussed. Required tests for evaluation of coating properties are covered.

PPE 432. 3-1-6
Polymer Processing Plant Design
Prerequisite: CHE 468.
An integrated approach to the design, selection, and specification of processing schemes and equipment for accomplishing various processing tasks with emphasis on polymer processing. This is the second course in the plant design sequence for plastics and polymer engineering majors.

PPE 434. 3-1-6
Parts Design and Molding
Prerequisites: CHE 326, E 314.
Fundamental design and molding procedure for plastics materials and articles. Computer-based databases, CAD/CAM and CAE, are introduced. Computer techniques are used as an aspect of the design procedure. The effects of stress and heat history on the part performance are analyzed. Quality control and part economics are integrated into design project assignments.

PPE 438. 3-3-0
Polymer Rheology
Prerequisites: E 314, CHM 420.
Study of fundamental laws involved in non-Newtonian flow phenomena. Steady and unsteady flow, confined and free flow, simple shear, extensional, uni-axial and biaxial flow are discussed. Mathematical models for these flows are examined. The effects of flow characteristics on polymer processes (tube extrusion, sheet drawing, film blowing, roll milling, flow in mold channels) are analyzed.

PPE 440. 3-2-3
Polymerization Engineering
Prerequisites: CHM 420; Co-requisite: CHE 432.
Techniques and equipment necessary for polymerization of vinyl and divinyl monomers and formation of condensation polymers. Bulk solution, emulsion, and dispersion techniques are compared. Determination of molecular weight, solution properties, strength, hardness and heat-resistance for the different polymerization methods is discussed. Compression and injection molding, extrusion and other molding techniques for various polymers are covered.

PPE 470. 3-3-0
Advanced Topics in Plastics and Polymer Engineering
Prerequisite: Senior standing.
Specialized topics in polymer engineering such as liquid molding, foam manufacture, and recycling of composites are discussed.

PPE 474. 3-3-0
Science and Technology of Adhesion
Prerequisites: CHM 420.
Comprehensive view of adhesion from the basic theory to current applications. Primary classes of adhesives such as epoxies, polyurethanes, acrylics, and phenolics are studied. Applications to the construction, electrical, and automotive industries are covered.




PLS 110. 3-3-0
Polish Language & Culture
Prerequisite: Participation in the Polish Exchange Program.
An introductory class in Polish language emphasizing conversation and taught by staff from the Warsaw Technical University. The class is intended to encourage the independence and autonomy of exchange participants and to make it possible for them to interact with Poles without the need of a translator.



Political Science

POL 100. 3 cr.
Introduction to Political Science
An overview of the discipline and introduction to the basic concepts and vocabulary of political science and its subfields. Its purpose is to enable students to grasp the nature and scope of the discipline and to equip them with the conceptual tools with which to examine the complexities of politics in greater depth.

POL 201. 3 cr.
Introduction to Law and the Judiciary
Surveys the American legal system. Provides an understanding of the strengths and weakness of law and the role law plays in a complex modern society. The course is a blend of theory and case analysis in areas such as constitutional interpretation, due process, criminal law, civil law, torts, contracts, and property.

POL 202. 3 cr.
Criminal Law and Procedure

A study of criminal law and procedure that focuses on the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. A survey of the process from the arrest stages through sentencing and appeals. Included in the survey is search and seizure, right to an attorney, and the exclusionary rule.

POL 203. 3 cr.
Topics in Legal Issues
Provides students with an opportunity to fully investigate a legal issue from all aspects of the political arena and at all levels. Topics may include: civil, criminal, civil rights, gender rights, right to privacy, or sexuality.

POL 204. 3 cr.
Tort Law
A survey of the areas of tort law including intentional, negligence, and strict liability. Topics include assault and battery, false imprisonment, defamation, the right to privacy, malpractice, duty of care, and product liability.

POL 205. 3 cr.
Political Fiction
Exploration of the premise that significant insight into politics can be gained through the medium of political fiction. The class, by reading fictional accounts of politics from a variety of historical eras and settings, attempts to define political fiction and discern political meaning from these fictional artifacts.

POL 210. 3 cr.
American Politics
An introduction to the study of American politics. Familiarizes students with the basic concepts of the American political system: its foundations (or roots), its primary institutions and their interaction with one another, its primary actors and their political behavior, and its public policy-making process.

POL 260. 3 cr.
Introduction of Comparative Politics
Through the use of political system types and representative country studies, this course explores the historical and cultural sources of politics in contemporary nation-states. Topics include the institutional and behavioral dimensions of politics, the making of public policy, and the challenge of change in a variety of settings.

POL 320. 3 cr.
Public Administration
The interface of politics and administration, value and fact are examined in order to understand the unique characteristics of the environment of decision-making experienced by public and quasi-public administrators, including those serving in health care organizations and welfare agencies. Topics include legislative relations, budgeting, organization theory, personnel and labor relations, conflict resolution and collective bargaining decision-making, and administrative law.

POL 322. 3 cr.
Public Policy Analysis
An examination of the basic concepts of and methods for analyzing public policy making in the United States. Identification of the important factors at every step, including interested public and private groups, governmental decision-makers, bureaucrats, and program evaluators. Examination of selected policy issues facing our political system.

POL 323. 3 cr.
Personnel Management and Labor Relations
Basic personnel management, labor relations, and collective bargaining practices and developments are examined, emphasizing the political nature of the public and quasi-public organization. Subjects include motivation and morale, evaluation of employee performance, equal employment opportunity and affirmative action, dispute resolution, employee organizations and collective bargaining. The instructor, a public sector labor arbitrator and fact-finder, places special emphasis on labor relations and dispute resolution.

POL 324. 3 cr.
Government Budgeting
The budget is examined as a major instrument of power, policy, outputs and outcomes at the national, state and local levels of government. The history, development, and changing forms and uses of the budget process have altered American politics in a significant fashion. Attention is given to the various modes of budgeting and their usefulness, including line-item, program, PPBS, and zero-base formats. The impact of political-budgetary considerations on quasi-public organizations such as health care organizations, foundations, and child care agencies is also reviewed.

POL 325. 3 cr.
Comparative Administrative Systems
A study of the structures, forms, control and/or level of citizen participation of public and quasi-public agencies primarily in western representative democracies, with some comparisons with developing systems. Bureaucracy and its forms of cultural adaptation. Comparisons of the relationship between political and economic systems.

POL 330. 3 cr.
Government and the Economy
An analysis of the government-economy relationship, including policy issues, public vs. private sector outlooks, economic schools and paradigms. The political economy pre-1932, Keynesianism, the supply-side school and its sequel are examined, with the policy life cycle and popular politics, the role of the courts and administrative agencies, and the supportive, regulatory and managerial functions of government. Monetary and fiscal policy, monopoly and anti-trust policy, organized labor are also reviewed.

POL 339. 3 cr.
Issues in Public Policy
Focuses on United States domestic policy. Topics may include civil rights, energy, housing, the environment and transportation, health and welfare. These topics are examined within the framework of policy analysis. See the course schedule for the topic focus in any one semester.

POL 342. 3 cr.
American Constitution and Public Law
A case law course on the American constitutional system. Topics include: presidential and congressional powers; impeachment; federal-state relations; major state powers; commerce and general welfare clauses.

POL 346. 3 cr.
Civil Liberties and Equality
A case law course examines the recent developments and court decisions on the frontiers of civil rights and liberties. Recent cases such as abortion, homosexuality, right-to-die, the limits of protected speech and artistic expression, and the conflict of religious values and state authority are discussed as is the evolving multi-tiered standards of equality under current interpretations of the 14th Amendment.

POL 380. 3 cr.
Elements of Political Thought
Traces the development of political ideologies most relevant to contemporary politics. Examines themes germane to the study of political theory: political obligation (the relationship between the individual and the state), justice, freedom, equality, democracy, and the tension between individual rights and social responsibilities.

POL 386. 3 cr.
Politics and the Media
The development of the media as an agency of political change, i.e., as a force in shaping our view of reality. Also examined are image creation, the development of public relations, the shaping of policy and candidates, capital intensive electronic high technology and its impact on elections, the weakening of political parties and reduced attention to issues as opposed to the election, and media relations practices of regulated industries and foreign firms. Differences in press-government relations in the U.S. and Canada are also examined. Research paper, field trip.

POL 390. 3 cr.
Governmental Internship
Open by permission to select undergraduates with 12 or more cr. in political science. Also open to graduate students with permission of the student’s graduate advisor. Students are offered an opportunity to correlate classroom material with practical experience in public affairs. The undergraduate or graduate intern working 20 hours a week or less in a public agency or non-governmental agency related to a governmental function may earn three hours of academic credit a semester. The undergraduate intern who works full-time may earn up to nine hours per semester. See department advisor for further information.

POL 391. 3 cr.
Washington Seminar
Co-requisite: POL 394.
A required course taken in conjunction with the Washington Center Internship. Classes are offered through the Center one evening a week in Congressional studies, policy evaluation, law, and justice studies.

POL 394. 12 cr.
Washington Internship
Co-requisite: POL 391.
Full-time placement in government agencies, public interest law firms, congressional committees, foreign affairs lobbies, and the public communications media. Arranged through the Washington Center in the area of the student’s interest. Open to Majors and non-majors with second semester sophomore status and 2.5 QPA. Only nine hours count toward the major although all count toward graduation. Admission at the discretion of the political science faculty. Shorter seminars available for reduced credit. Summer sessions available for 7 credits.

POL 451. 3 cr.
International Relations
An examination of the various approaches to the study of international relations, the evolution of world politics, the forces that motivate nation-state’s behavior toward one another, and the sources and instruments of both conflict and cooperation in international politics.

POL 452. 3 cr.
Foreign Policy of the United States
A study of the substantive issues and specialized procedures in American foreign policy. The constitutional provisions, historical traditions, and political values affecting the foreign relations of the United States. Relations with major powers.

POL 453. 3 cr.
Japanese Politics
Focuses on the historical and cultural context of contemporary Japanese politics, the fascist interregnum, Japan’s postwar economic and political miracle, and the role of parties, elections, interest groups, and the bureaucracy in this unique, Eastern parliamentary democracy.

POL 454. 3 cr.
International Law
The substantive rules of international law and the international procedures for the peaceful settlement of conflicts of claims. Explores the relevance and essence of international law, as well as possible ways and means to make it more equitable and binding in the resolution of conflicts involving nations of varying sizes and strengths. Topics include: sovereignty, territory, diplomatic relations, treaties, peaceful means for settlement of conflicts, protection of human rights, and law of the sea.

POL 457. 3 cr.
International Political Economy
Surveys the current international economic order and the distribution of economic power among major states and groups of states. The dynamics of the international political economy and contending perspectives on changes in the world economic order. Topics include: the politics of international trade, the international monetary system, multinational corporations, international production, international debt problems, and emergent global environmental concerns.

POL 460. 3 cr.
European Politics
The similarities and differences in the historical development, political culture, institutions, behaviors, and patterns of policy in select West European countries. It also explores the European Economic Community and the ongoing re-integration of East and Central European states into a united Europe.

POL 461. 3 cr.
Russian Politics
Examines the historic and cultural origins of the collapse of tsarism and the subsequent Bolshevik Revolution and the communist Soviet Union, the study of this country in the West, Leninism, Stalinism, de-Stalinization, the demise of the Soviet Union and Empire, and contemporary attempts to establish and consolidate post-communism.

POL 463. 3 cr.
Third World Politics
A comparative study of the processes and issues of political and economic modernization in select Asian, African, and Latin American countries. It provides an inquiry into the economic, social and psychological dimensions of politics, and studies the issues of stability, order, revolution, and political development.

POL 466. 3 cr.
Chinese Politics
Examines the historic and cultural origins of the communist experience in the People’s Republic of China. It surveys the similarities and differences between China and other communist states, the institutionalization of communist politics under Mao, the market Leninism characteristic of the Deng era, and the future prospects for political and economic transition.

POL 467. 3 cr.
Politics in Africa
A comparative study of politics in selected countries and regions of Africa, touching on such problems as apartheid, education, standard of living, and modernization. The course examines the social and political changes as well as stagnation in Africa, including some of the evolution of governmental, educational, commercial, and religious institutions which shape African society, and the different patterns of political and social change which have emerged since independence.

POL 495. 1-3 cr.
Directed Readings, Studies
Prerequisite: Approval of instructor.
Directed readings and research in a field of the student’s special interest. Assignments vary according to the number of cr..

POL 499. 3 cr.
Senior Seminar
Prerequisite: Senior Standing
Designed to provide the student with an opportunity to integrate a specific problem with the total field of Political Science. Intensive research and/or reading of a particular theme or topic. Course content varies from term to term.




PYC 100. 3 cr.
Introductory Psychology
Introduction to the methods and principles of psychology as science, including overview of historical foundations, psychobiology, social interaction, development, learning, motivation, perception, sensation, and personality. (Prerequisite for all other psychology courses).

PYC 233. 3 cr.
Human Relationships and Guidance
Prerequisite: PYC 250 or concurrent enrollment: PYC 234, 236 or 256.
Introduction to working with people; theories and methods for supporting the interpersonal relationships of persons from infancy through adulthood. This course includes individual, group, family, and environmental guidance approaches and techniques of observing and recording behavior.

PYC 234. 3 cr.
Infancy/Early Childhood Development
Study of the developmental processes in infancy through the early childhood years. This course focuses on the physical, cognitive and socio-emotional changes; planned observation and interpretation of the child’s development.

PYC 236. 3 cr.
Middle Childhood/Adolescent Development
Study of the developmental processes in middle childhood through adolescence, including physical, cognitive, and socio-emotional changes, planned observation and interpretation of development.

PYC 250. 3 cr.
Developmental Psychology
Study of the purpose and methods of lifespan developmental psychology. This course surveys normal developmental changes in childhood, adolescence, maturity and old age in diverse contexts; analyzes problems in adjustment to life experiences; and examines influences of heredity and environment on the development of the person.

PYC 256. 3 cr.
Adult Development and Aging
Study of the developmental processes in late adolescence through mature adulthood, including physical, cognitive, and socio-emotional changes; planned observation and interpretation of development.

PYC 265. 3 cr.
Psychology of Environment
Application of psychological principles and methods to define the interaction between the natural and the built environment. This course focuses upon psychological theory, research and data regarding critical factors affecting people in their environment, and offers a basis to assist the architect in the design and planning of the human environment.

PYC 275. 3 cr.
Human Sexuality
Study of approaches to sexuality in order to promote a deeper understanding of the central role which sexuality plays in human life. Aspects of sexuality include evolutionary, genetic, physiological, hormonal, developmental, emotional, dynamic, interpersonal, legal and cultural. Particular emphasis is placed on appreciating functional explanations for many common and uncommon behaviors associated with human sexuality.

PYC 290. 1-3 cr.
Current Topics in Psychology
An in-depth analysis of a particular topic in psychology, selected on a rotating basis. Topics such as marriage, women and mental health, aging, substance abuse and others will be presented.

PYC 301. 3 cr.
Experimental Psychology
Pre-requisite: STA 225.
Study of the principles of experimental design, methodology, and measurement within the field of psychology through lecture. Laboratory exposure concentrates upon the development through practical experience of research skills and technical competencies in report writing.

PYC 341. 3 cr.
Psychology of Personality
Survey course of the major theories of personality including psychoanalytic, socio-cultural, behavioristic, and humanistic points of view. Emphasis is on the origin, structure, and dynamics of personality.

PYC 342. 3 cr.
Abnormal Psychology
Comprehensive exploration of causative factors, symptomatology, assessment, and treatment of varieties of psychological disorders. Consideration is given to varied theoretical and applied approaches for analyzing and treating difficulties.

PYC 350. 3 cr.
Psychology of Religion
Study of the intersection between religion and psychology especially as interpreted by the psychodynamic and humanistic schools of thought. Topics include faith development, conscience and superego, the notion of healthy human behavior, origin of the ideas of God, quest for meaning, and moral development. (Also offered as RS 350.)

PYC 351. 3 cr.
Family Development
Study of families in a diverse and changing world. This course critically analyzes family theories, diversity of family structures, roles of men, women and children, family developmental crises, family communications and family stressors. Topics include approaches to family support and parent education.

PYC 354. 3 cr.
Sex Differences and Sex Roles
Introduction to human sex differences resulting from cultural factors acting on biologically based dispositions. This course explores many influences–social, political, genetic, hormonal–which cause men and women to behave differently.

PYC 360. 3 cr.
Social Psychology
Study of social-psychological theories to understand human thought and behavior as they influence and are influenced by others in actual or implied social and cultural situations. This course explores contemporary studies of attitudes, communication and group influences on perception, emotion, motivation, conformity, cooperation, competition, altruism, aggression, prejudice and attribution.

PYC 361. 1 cr.
Social Psychology Lab
Co-requisite: PYC 360.
Two hour lab per week to supplement PYC 360 by demonstrating principles discussed in lecture.

PYC 365. 3 cr.
Exploring Leadership: Yourself, Your Organization and Your Community
(Formerly PYC 437.) Seminar (open to all University students) designed to provide students with an understanding of various leadership theories. Upon completion of this course, students develop their own definition of leadership and an understanding of community needs. Through individual assessment, reflection, implementation, and application of leadership skills and theories, students learn how to affect change within their communities, organizations and within their personal and professional lives.

PYC 396. 1-4 cr.
Readings in Psychology
Prerequisite: Dept. permission.
Directed readings in the field of psychology chosen by student and approved by faculty member with papers, oral reports and/or examinations required as evidence of work completed. Students should arrange a meeting with a sponsoring faculty member.

PYC 407. 4 cr.
Physiological Psychology
Prerequisite: BIO 108 or BIO 120.
Study of the relationships between the nervous system and behavior. This course focuses on the physiology of the nervous system, neural transmission, and neural mechanisms of motivation, emotion, psychopathology and higher brain functions.

PYC 409. 3 cr.
Perceptual-Cognitive Processes
Prerequisite: STA 225, PYC 301.
Study of the theoretical and empirical developments related to the perception and organization of sensory phenomena, human cognition, language comprehension and production.

PYC 410. 1 cr.
Perceptual-Cognitive Lab
Two-hour lab per week to supplement PYC 409 by demonstrating principles discussed in lectures.

PYC 412. 3 cr.
History and Systems
Study of the historical development of psychology and survey of major schools. This course focuses on structuralism, functionalism, psychoanalysis, behaviorism, Gelstalt psychology, contemporary humanism and significant individual contributions, including those of women, people of color and other minorities.

PYC 414. 3 cr.
Learning and Memory
Prerequisite: STA 225, PYC 301.
Study of the major theories and models of human memory and relevant animal models. This course focuses on classical and operant conditioning, cognitive learning theory, information processing, attention and models of short- and long-term memory.

PYC 415. 1 cr.
Learning and Memory Lab
Two hour lab per week to supplement PYC 414 by demonstrating principles discussed in lectures.

PYC 420. 3 cr.
Psychological Testing and Measurement
Prerequisite: STA 225.
Survey of standardized tests such as intelligence, aptitude, achievement, clinical, personality, interests, and values. This course studies nature of psychological tests, standardization procedures, types of scales and scores, norms, reliability, and validity. Social, ethical, legal and other issues in psychological testing are examined.

PYC 440. 3 cr.
Cross-Cultural Socialization
Study of cross-cultural forces involved in the socialization process in diverse contexts.
This course draws on research from anthropology, biology and psychology. Students study the effects of cultural and socioeconomic variables on children’s cognitive and affective learning styles.

PYC 451. 3 cr.
Psychology of Death and Dying
Study of the psychology, biology, physiology of death. This course also examines current concerns, medical and psychological, regarding the care and treatment of a terminal patient.

PYC 470 3 cr.
Issues in Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Comprehensive survey of the basic issues in industrial/organizational psychology, including readings and independent projects. Examines the different aspects of industrial/organizational psychology, such as historical perspective, research methods, personnel psychology, organizational psychology.

PYC 473. 1-5 cr.
Basic Practicum
Pre-requisite: Dept. permission.
Provides opportunities for psychology majors in junior and senior years to work within applied settings to gain clinical, developmental, family life education, and/or experimental experience. It must be arranged through a sponsoring faculty member.

PYC 491. 3 cr.
Research in Developmental Psychology
Study of the role of the scientific method in understanding children and families. This course includes current trends in developmental and contextual theory and research, use of quantitative and qualitative measurement strategies, and the interpretation of research findings in selected areas, including human development and family science.

PYC 495. 3 cr.
Special Projects
A special course under the direction of a staff member for students proposing special interests in research areas. Students must obtain written permission of the staff member and the chairperson of the Psychology Department.