Health Professions

HLH 459. 3 cr.
Instructional Design and Teaching Strategies in Health Care Education
Basic principles of instructional design and development; instructional task analysis, front end analysis, criterion testing, hierarchical sequencing, formative and summative evaluation; selection of health care education strategies; mass media, audio-visual aids, simulations and computer-based modes including computer-assisted instruction and computer managed instructions.

HLH 495. 1-4 cr.
Independent Studies
A faculty directed independent study on a topic related to a particular area of the health profession.



Health Services Administration

HSA 101 3 cr.
Introduction to the Health Care System
Introduction to the structure and function of the health care system. Basic knowledge of health organizations’ roles and relationships of consumers and providers of health services, as well as the various types of health care facilities, will be studied. Introduction to Internet access to health system resources and online course work.

HSA 300 3 cr.
Accounting for the Health Professions
Prerequisites: MTH 101, CIS 100, Basic Internet skills.
This course is designed to introduce students to the effective preparation and use of accounting information in health services organizations. Emphasis is placed on: basic accounting concepts, preparation, interpretation and analysis of financial statements, and financial planning and control. Excel spreadsheets and the Internet will be utilized in the course.

HSA 310 3 cr.
Health Care Law and Regulations
Prerequisites: HSA 101 and HSA 330 or HSA 345.
Legal relationships among health providers, regulatory agencies and society. Selected aspects of the legal system related to the delivery of health services are reviewed. The dynamics of governmental institutions at all levels and the regulatory process impacting health services are examined.

HSA 320. 3 cr.
Health Services Planning and Marketing
Prerequisites: HSA 101, HSA 330 or HSA 345 and basic Internet skills.
An introduction to the concepts and techniques of health services planning and marketing. Conceptual issues include theories of planning, planning methods, history and development of health planning, and the application of marketing within health care institutions. Emphasis is placed on the process and methods of strategic/marketing planning in health service organizations.

HSA 330. 3 cr.
Health in the Community
Prerequisites: HSA 101 or permission of instructor and basic Internet skills.
Introduction to public health measures, community health concepts, as well as healthier community approaches to improving the health status of urban and rural communities. The structure and services of various official and voluntary health agencies are discussed. Community structure and decision-making, accessibility and acceptability, and the epidemiological basis and methods of health care planning are explored.

HSA 345. 3 cr.
Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
Prerequisites: HSA 101 or permission of instructor and basic Internet skills.
A study of health behavior models, social and psychological factors and health education interventions, which influence the health and well being of people. Specific health risk factors and associated health promotion counter measures are explored. Emphasis is placed on understanding "Healthy People 2010" objectives and community health resources, which can be used to address these objectives.

HSA 346 3 cr.
Human Resource Management in Health Care
Prerequisites: HSA 101 and HSA 330 or HSA 345.
This course analyzed the role of human resource management in contemporary health services organizations. It examines the changing human resource needs, critically evaluates the organizational benefits of an effective work force, provides insight into the efficient merging of management objectives with human needs and wants, and discusses issues related to the recruitment, selection, motivation and retention of human resources.

HSA 365 3 cr.
Computer Applications in Health Services Administration
Prerequisites: HSA 101, CIS 100.
An introduction to the information technology used by the health care industry. Provides a broad overview of the hardware and software components that make up both clinical and administrative information systems. A variety of organizations involved in contemporary health care delivery will be studied, including providers and insurers. Although this is not a software course, there will be some limited hands-on computer work.

HSA 375. 3 cr.
Management of Health Services Organization
Prerequisites: HSA 101 or permission of instructor.
A survey of concepts and methodologies basic to a variety of managerial disciplines that are directly applicable to the management of health service organizations. Emphasis is placed on the development of a decision-making approach to current issues in the management of health service organizations through the use of case studies. Effective oral and written communication skills, including use of word processing, are required.

HSA 460 3 cr.
Issues in Health Care Delivery
Prerequisites: HSA 101 and HSA 330 or HSA 345, Basic Internet skills.
An analysis of organization, financing, and delivery of services in various health care settings from the perspective of cost, access, and quality. The course will examine current issues affecting the integrated delivery of health care services. The Internet will be utilized for research and other online course work.

HSA 461 3 cr.
Economic of Health Care
Prerequisites: HSA 101, MTH 101, Basic Internet skills.
Introduces the student to the fundamental concepts of economics as it applies to the health care environment and how it influences health professionals. The student is provided with an overview of the health care service market and an understanding of the role that consumers and providers play in this market. Analysis of economic policy and access issues that arise in the health care environment involving financing, production and organization of health systems is emphasized. The Internet will be utilized for research and other online course work.

HSA 465 3 cr.
Health Services Financial Management
Prerequisites: HSA 300, Basic Excel skills, and Basic Internet skills.
Selected topics in both the financial and managerial aspects of financial management of health service organizations are studied with the intention of providing a survey of important concepts, issues, tools, and vocabulary that administrators need to effectively manage a health service organization. Included are topics such as health care reimbursement and sources of funds, institutional budgeting and accounting, department planning and control, capital needs, rate setting, interpreting financial statements, and cost containment. Excel spreadsheets and the Internet will be utilized in the course.

HSA 470 3 cr.
Quantitative Methods for Health Services Administrators
Prerequisites: STA 225
This course provides students with a background in the research process relevant to health services administration. The research process is described with emphasis on techniques for: 1) application of published research findings and 2) development of a research proposal of interest to the student.

HSA 491. 1 cr.
Internship Seminar
Prerequisites: Senior standing in the program. Corequisite: HSA 494.
Focus on the internship experience including analysis of the organizational and functional components of the internship site. Verbal presentations of internship project, outcomes and impression. Additional topics provided that are related to identification and acquisition of employment in health services administration.

HSA 494. 6 cr.
Health Services Administration Internship
Prerequisites: Senior standing in the program. Corequisite: HSA 491.
Provides on-site experience in a health care organization with a focus on application of knowledge and skills gained through previous course work in Health Services Administration. In conjunction with preceptor and faculty, develop project goals related to mutual interests and site needs. Written reports, activity log and completion of project required.

HSA 499 1-3 cr.
Directed Study
A faculty directed independent study on a topic related to Health Services Administration.




HIS 150. 3 cr.
Introduction to History
An examination of values and ideas that have shaped modern consciousness and of historical process and culture. An introduction to the use of primary sources and historical evidence, to the methods and materials of the historian.

HIS 160. 3 cr.
Comparative Civilizations
An introduction to history through the comparative study of civilizations. An investigation of the period from 1500 to the present and the global interaction of civilizations since the beginnings of western European exploration and expansion.

HIS 200. 3 cr.
The Ancient Mediterranean World
An examination of the history and culture of antiquity with special emphasis on the development and historical significance of Greece and Rome. The readings are primary sources; works of literature, history, philosophy, etc. The evidence of art and archaeology is also considered.

HIS 210. 3 cr.
Europe in the Middle Ages and Renaissance
A study of European culture from late antiquity through the Renaissance. The course examines the cultural, political, and social history of Europe, primarily through readings of primary source material. The art and architecture of the age are also studied.

HIS 220. 3 cr.
Early Modem Europe
The cultural, political, and social history of Europe from the Renaissance through the French Revolution. Life and thought in the Reformation, 17th century, and Enlightenment periods are studied through primary source material, art, and architecture.

HIS 230. 3 cr.
Europe in the 19th and 20th Centuries
Political, economic, and social history of Europe, from the French Revolution to the present; European colonialism and imperialism during the period.

HIS 240. 3cr.
Modern Middle East
An historical survey of the Middle East from the rise of Muhammad to the modern period. Among the topics to be discussed are the rise and development of Islam, the politics and culture of Islamic empires, women and gender in Islam, reactions to the West, Arab nationalism, and the Arab-Israeli conflict.

HIS 250. 3 cr.
The United States to 1877
A survey of American development from colonial beginnings through the end of Reconstruction. Among the topics examined are: the encounter of Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans in colonial America; the American Revolution; the emergence of the American political system and of distinctive cultural styles; changing patterns of work, economy, society, and technology; and the sectional crisis which divided the nation.

HIS 251. 3 cr.
The United States since 1877
A study of the emergence of modem America. Among the topics examined are: industrialization, urbanization and immigration; the rise of the Welfare State; America as a world power; and the Civil Rights Revolution.

HIS 270. 3 cr.
Modern China
An introduction to the history of modem China with emphasis on China's encounter with Western culture and technology.

HIS 282. 3 cr.
Early Latin American History
This general survey course exams of the indigenous, African, and Iberian backgrounds and employs a comparative approach to the broad patterns and divergent factors that influenced the different regions of Latin America to move from colonial rule to nationhood. Our course will examine colonial societies through social, economic, and political institutions while giving special attention to the contributions of Indians, Africans, and Iberians to making of the Americas.

HIS 283. 3 cr.
Modern Latin American History
This general survey focuses on the period of history after the Wars for Independence in Latin America (1821). In the wake of independence, Latin America undergoes the construction of new nations and identities. Using a comparative approach, this course examines the forging of new nations, the rise of US imperialism, dependent development, populism, military dictatorship, revolution, post-colonialism, and neo-colonialism.

HIS 290. 3 cr.
African History
An interdisciplinary introduction to the African continent, drawing on history, archaeology, anthropology, geography, linguistics and oral tradition. From human origins on the continent to European explorations in the 19th century.

HIS 291. 3 cr.
Historical Methods
This course is an introduction to historical research and writing, the location and use of primary sources, the skills of historical analysis, and questions of style.

HIS 309. 3 cr.
History of the Catholic Church
An overview of the history of the Catholic Church with special attention to episodes important in the development of the institutional Church, the gathering of many cultures into Catholicism, the Church’s understanding of social justice and its relation to the modern World.

HIS 305. 3 cr.
History of Ideas: Classical
An examination of selected Greek and Roman texts–literature, history, philosophy, etc.–in historical context.

HIS 316. 3 cr.
History of American Women
Uses the methods of feminist analysis to examine the experiences and changing roles of women in American history and culture. Topics and periods covered will vary (e.g., the Progressive Era, the War Years (1914-1945), the 1950s, etc.)

HIS 317. 3 cr.
Social History of Art in Italy
The art and architecture of Italy in antiquity, the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Visits to museums, archaeological sites and surrounding historic cities, Florence and Siena are included in the course.

HIS 330. 3 cr.
England, to 1485.
A survey of political, legal, economic, social and religious institutions in England from the Anglo-Saxon period to the end of the fifteenth century. Special emphasis is placed on the creation of the English monarchy and the evolution of England law and legal institutions.

HIS 331. 3 cr.
England, 1485-1660.
A survey of political, legal, economic, social and religious developments in England from the coming to Tudor dynasty to the restoration of the monarchy after the English Civil War and Commonwealth of the mid-17th century. Special emphasis is placed on the role of religion in the transformation of the English monarchy and government, and the on the redefinition of authority in government between Crown and Parliament.

HIS 332. 3 cr.
England, 1660-c. 1850.
A survey of political, legal, economic and social change in England and the new "Great Britain" from the late 17th century to the middle of the 19th century. Special emphasis is placed on cultural and intellectual change (e.g. The Scientific Revolution, the Enlightenment) and the industrialization of British society.

HIS 340. 3 cr.
Twentieth-Century Global History
An examination of the political, economic, and social restructuring of the world from World War I to the collapse of the Soviet Union.

HIS 348. 3 cr.
African-American History
(Formerly HIS 458.) A survey of African-American history from the. West African background to the present. Among the topics to be examined are: the transatlantic slave trade, the development of African-American culture, slavery, free blacks, emancipation, life in the segregated South, 20th-century urban migrations, and the era of the civil rights movement.

HIS 355. 3 cr.
The United States Since 1945
A survey of the history of the United States from the World War 11 to the present; with special attention to the long-term impact of the War; the emergence of the Cold War; demographic changes; the Civil Rights Revolution; the Sixties and aftermath.

HIS 357. 3 cr.
U.S. Labor History
A survey of labor developments in the United States from 1800 to the present; special attention to case studies involving: factory women, immigrant workers, labor-management conflicts and control strategies, and organized labor after 1935.

HIS 358. 3 cr.
American Cultural Studies
A multidisciplinary course on aspects of American culture and society in different historical periods which employs a wide diversity of source materials (e.g. literary works, art, films, television programs, etc.) The subject matter and period covered will vary. Among possible topics: the American literary and artistic Renaissance of the 1830s and '40s; images of women and minority groups in American culture; the culture of the Cold War; the culture of the 1950s, the 1960s, etc.

HIS 359. 3 cr.
History of American Thought, 1865 to the Present
A survey of major trends from the Civil War to the present, with special attention to the impact of evolutionary theory, the reformers and visionaries of the Gilded and Progressive periods; Progressivism; the New Deal; and the post World War 11 period.

HIS 360. 3 cr.
History of American Technology
Prerequisite: HIS 251.
A study of the changing character of the "American technological style" seen through major U.S. technical systems (e.g. railroads, telegraph, mass production, automotive production, electronic communications, agriculture and nuclear) in terms of technical designs and their societal contexts.

HIS 365. 3 cr.
Introduction to Gender History
Prerequisite: HIS 160 or HIS 150 or HIS 250 or HIS 251.
The purpose of this course is to introduce students to themes in gender history within a multi-cultural format. To explore various topics, approaches, and trends in gender history, we will focus on how men and women respond to social, political, and economic changes. This course examines gender in community, labor, revolution, social movements, and sexuality. In this class, we will locate, define, and evaluate facts about the past; and we will discuss analytically and think critically the history of gender.

HIS 380. 3 cr.
History of Mexico
Mexico emerges from contact between European, Native American, and African contact.
This course examines the Pre-Colombian period to the present with an emphasis on ancient cultures, colonial experience, independence movements, nation building, the Mexican revolution, the genesis of the one-party system, and the democratic movement. The class will also pay attention to contemporary issues such as NAFTA, immigration, and the illicit drug trade.

HIS 381. 3 cr.
Mexican-American History
This general survey focuses on the historical contributions of Mexicans to the United States, and how the historical experiences of Mexican-Americans adds a new dimension to United States history. This course covers Chicano history from the pre-Colombian cultures of Mexico and the Southwestern United States, U.S.-Mexican War, migration, land issues, Bracero Program, the Chicano movement, and contemporary immigration issues.

HIS 399 3cr.
History at the Movies
An examination of the ways the past has been represented in motion pictures that addresses the question of how a society sees and shapes historical traditions. Content to vary.

HIS 410. 3 cr.
Medieval People
An excursion into medieval English social history and an opportunity for extensive experience with primary sources (e.g. court rolls, account records, tax rolls, wills, etc.) Provide the opportunity to recapture elements of individual lives from the 13th to the 16th century.

HIS 425. 3 cr.
Topics in the Italian Renaissance
Prerequisite: HIS 150 or AR 212.
An intensive examination of selected topics in the history of the Italian Renaissance, such as the history of the cities of Florence, Rome, Venice, etc, art and letters; humanism in its various forms; history and historiography.

HIS 431. 3 cr.
Interpreting Capitalism
A reading seminar aimed at understanding the evolution of capitalism during the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries as seen in classic interpretations of the Industrial and Capitalist Revolution. Extensive reading and appropriate assignments.

HIS 445. 3 cr.
Topics in English Historiography
A seminar focusing on specific aspects of the changing historiography of the history of England. Content varies, and can emphasize the writing of history in the past as well as changing attitudes toward the past by later historians.

HIS 448. 3 cr.
Topics in African-American History
An intensive examination of selected topics or periods in African-American history, such as the Atlantic slave trade, slavery, black abolitionists, the emancipation experience, life in the segregated South, the urban experience, the civil rights movement, African- American culture, and black nationalism.

HIS 449. 3 cr.
Antebellum America
This course focuses on the dramatic transformation and expansion of the United States between 1815 and 1861. Major topics include the rise of mass politics and the Second Party System, the emergence of mass culture, the market revolution in the North, the growth and maturation of slavery in the South, movements for reform, westward movement, and the growing sectional division between the North and South.

HIS 450. 3 cr.
Reforms and Utopias: 19th Century America
This course explores the origins, ideologies, tactics, and outcomes of major utopian communities and reform movements in the United States during the nineteenth century.

HIS 451. 3 cr.
Civil War and Reconstruction
An examination of the division and reunion of the United States between 1861 and 1877. Topics explored include: the causes of the Civil War, political, military, economic, and social aspects of the war years, and the successes and failures of Reconstruction.

HIS 456. 3 cr.
Detroit in the Twentieth Century
A research seminar studying the evolution of cities in the United States (I 9th and 20th centuries) with particular emphasis on Detroit, through team research Projects. Extensive reading, short weekly written assignments, and a major team project are required.

HIS 457. 3 cr.
Michigan History
The history of Michigan with an emphasis on the modem period.

HIS 464. 3 cr.
Topics in Gender Studies
Prerequisite: HIS 265 or permission of the instructor
Recently, new studies have questioned how certain gender categories have shaped historical development. Using a comparative historical approach, students will examine and analyze seminal works in the area of gender studies and gender history. Courses may include Historical Constructions of Gender, History of Sexuality, Gender and Film, Studies on Masculinity, or Studies on Femininity.

HIS 481. 3 cr.
Topics in Latin American History
Prerequisite: HIS 250 or 281
A research or readings seminar emphasizing an intensive examination of selected topics in Latin American history such as Latin American Revolutions, Latin American Dictatorships, Social Movements in Latin America, Latin American Cultural History, and Latin American Literature and History.

HIS 482. 3 cr.
History of Inter-American relations
This course examines the history of US-Latin American relations from the independence movements to the present. Historical topics covered will include relations between the new nation and the independence movements in Latin America, imperialism, economic relations, the Cold War, United states intervention and neo-colonialism, the illegal drug trade and policy studies on immigration.

HIS 489. 3 cr.
Historical Literature
Prerequisite: HIS 150.
An examination of the evolution of the discipline of history from the ancient Greeks to the present with special attention to specific, selected historians. Debate over the nature and purpose of historical inquiry will be considered, including the historian as moralist or detached observer/critic, the matter of objectivity, the historian as creative artist, etc.

HIS 491. 3 cr.
Black Abolitionist Workshop

Prerequisite: HIS 250 and HIS 348
A workshop approach to the problems and issues of research and writing in African- American history, using the resources of the black Abolitionist Archives. Students work collaboratively on ongoing projects examining personalities, communities, and social movements between 1830 and the end of the Civil War.

HIS 494. 3 cr.
Introduction to Historical Organizations
A project oriented seminar for the student interested in non-teaching career opportunities in history. Emphasis on problems related to management of not-for-profit organizations, including legal issues, planning, personnel, public relations, and fund raising. Field trips will introduce students to historical museums, archival libraries, historic preservation, and historical societies.

HIS 495. 1-3 cr.
Directed Studies
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.
Directed study in a field of the student's special interest. Assignments vary according to the number of cr. given.

HIS 498. 3 cr.
Open by permission to selected undergraduate history majors. Provides an opportunity for students to attain practical experience in one of the settings encompassed by Public History: museums, archives, etc.

HIS 499. 3 cr.
Senior Seminar
Required for completion of the major. A research seminar.



Honors Program

Honors Program courses are only open to students who meet criteria necessary for the Honors Program. See the Honors Program requirements in another section of the catalog. The courses are constantly being reviewed and created. Below are representative courses from the past few years.

HON 101. 3 cr.
Introductory Psychology
Covers methods and principles of Psychology as a science, including an overview of psychobiology, development, and personality. This course connects modern literary and cinematic use of psychological concepts.

HON 131. 3 cr.
Academic Writing
Adds the study of different types of literature to the study of writing which is the focus of regular ENG 131 courses. Literary works will serve as sources of essays. Composition on word processing equipment is required.

HON 141. 4 cr.
Analytic Geometry and Calculus I
Using the computer lab, a very intensive look at derivatives and integrals of polynomial, rational, and trigonometric functions; limits and continuity; etc.

HON 235. 3 cr.
The Study of Fiction
Based on at least three critical methods, a serious analysis of fiction leading to an understanding of how fiction operates and how writers reflect or respond to cultural issues. The emphasis on critical thinking will be through three researched essays.

HON 240. 3 cr.
Social Ethics
A survey of current literature and controversy about the status of equality as an ethical and political principle. The focus is on affirmative action with regard to both race and gender.

HON 297. 5 cr.
Principles of Economics
Prerequisite: Permission of ECN.
An accelerated course in both micro- and macroeconomic principles (i.e. it covers the material from both ECN 295 & 296.)

HON 312. 3 cr.
Honors Statics
Forces on rigid bodies. Resolution and composition of forces and other vectors. Couples. Moments. Centroids and moments of inertia. Principles of statics. Equations of equilibrium in 2D and 3D. Free body diagrams. External versus internal forces. Application of statics to engineering problems: pulleys, trusses, frames, machines, beams, friction, buoyancy. Shear and moment equations and diagrams.

HON 401. 3 cr.
Great Mistakes
An examination of various disasters and/or famous bad choices–from the Titanic to Jim Crow–seeking to find their basic causes. Were they more a misfire of technological systems or a case of cultural blindness? Teams of students will present their conclusions. One great correct choice will also be studied.



Human Services

HUS 150. 3 cr.
Introduction to Human Services
The role of the human service professional. Overview of the settings and methods relevant to human service work. Basic concepts, philosophy and issues in human services.

HUS 342. 3 cr
Human Services Leadership
Basic consideration of supervisory skills in human services environments. Use of classroom simulations to explore concepts of problem solving, decision-making, supervisor/ employee relationships, motivation, working climate and appraisal of individual and team performance. Emphasis will be on leadership skills in service productivity fields

HUS 410. 3 cr.
Law and the Citizen
The basic concepts of civil law as they affect the average citizen. Real estate, banking, mortgages, credit law, wills, torts, consumer law, concepts of legal rights, legal aide, how to use small claims courts, how and when to sue, marriage and divorce law, workers rights.

HUS 422. 3 cr.
Ethics and Values in Human Services
Designed to help the human service professional understand the major contemporary value and ethical problems confronting the human services professional. Topics include: forces that influence ethical decision-making in institutional settings; professional ethics in context; critical analysis of professional codes of ethics; the nature of values and selected ethical issues affecting the professional and personal life of a human service professional.

HUS 437. 3 cr.
The Counseling Process in Human Services
Nature and goals of counseling. Theories of counseling applied in the helping professions. Counseling techniques and supportive approaches with patients, families, students, clients and others.

HUS 439. 3 cr.
Practicum in Human Relationships
A course in human development based on the psychological framework of identity seeking. Learning to understand self as a means of better understanding and acceptance of others. Developing an awareness of the relationships between environments, cultures and human behavior. Acquiring skills in observing, listening and communicating. Theoretical knowledge and experience gained through participation in the group process. Training provided for persons preparing for any of the helping professions.

HUS 441. 3 cr.
Multicultural Understanding
Designed to promote understanding and appreciation of diverse cultures in America, this course also examines such issues as ageism, racism, sexism and the disparity of power. Impact of these concepts in human service institutions such as prisons, hospitals, schools, etc.

HUS 491. 3 cr.
Internship in Human Services
A supervised work experience in a human service agency under the direction of both a faculty advisor and a field supervisor. The student works in an institutional setting in various roles in order to become more familiar with the practical problems in human service delivery. Students must spend a minimum of 15 hours per week in this capacity during the semester and maintain a log of their work activity.

HUS 494. 3 cr.
Creative Problem Solving in the Human Services
A review of accepted ways of addressing and resolving complex problems typically associated with the delivery of human services. Classroom exercises foster creative thinking through the use of exercises, simulations, role plays, etc. Techniques such as brainstorming, force-field analysis and survival scenarios are utilized to attempt breakthroughs in thinking.

HUS 495. 3 cr.
Human Resources Development
Looks at human resources from the viewpoint of vocational development. Special emphasis is placed on the role of work in human functioning. Factors in vocational choice and job satisfaction are examined. The course fosters an understanding of the social context in which individuals function and of the barriers that are created to full human functioning. The social context includes ethnicity, social class, age, family, adaptation to change and belief-value systems.

HUS 496. 3 cr.
Fundamentals of Statistics
An introduction to statistics as they are used in the social sciences, including the basic logic underlying descriptive, inferential and non-parametric statistics, a knowledge of the concepts involved and some familiarity with basic formulas.

HUS 499. 3 cr.
Integrating Seminar in Human Services
Research and analysis of a significant problem in the field of human services including a formal presentation of findings. Provides students with an opportunity to integrate a specific problem with the total field of human services and supporting disciplines.