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Dental Hygiene

BS 808. 1.5 cr.
Biomedical Basis to Patient Care
An introduction to the biomedical sciences that provides foundation knowledge to Dental Hygiene students. Topics include biochemistry and microbiology. This information is expanded upon in subsequent biomedical and clinical courses.

BS 811. 2.5 cr.
Anatomy I
Lecture and laboratory course consisting of a review of systemic anatomy. An in-depth study of the regional anatomy of the head and neck is introduced and will be continued in Anatomy II (BS 812).

BS 812. 1 cr.
Anatomy II
A continuation of Anatomy I (BS 811) which focuses on structures of head and neck anatomy.

BS 813. 3 cr.
Physiology
Introduces the mechanisms of normal function of the human organism. Emphasis is placed upon the systems acutely concerned with the study of dental medicine, particularly those areas pertaining to the future understanding of pathological processes and therapeutic intervention.

BS 814. 4 cr.
Microbiology
Principles of pathogenic microbiology, immunology and infectious diseases with particular emphasis on the oral aspects. Laboratory exercises and demonstrations reinforce lecture presentations and deal with the nature, occurrence and activities of microbial organisms, especially those which can affect the tissues of the oral cavity.

BS 815. 3 cr.
Histology

An introductory study of the cell and the histology of the fundamental tissues of the body with special emphasis directed to those tissues of the oral cavity. The tissues of the cardiovascular and immune systems are included. The embryologic development of the face, oral cavity and dental structures follows. Emphasis is placed on the normal histology and functional relationships of the adult dental tissues, the supporting dental structures and the salivary glands.

BS 818. 1 cr.
General Pathology
Principles of inflammation, repair and regeneration, immunity, tumors, infectious diseases and circulatory disturbances are examined. Selected systems of the body are also covered in regard to causation and clinical correlation of the disease process.

BS 821. 3 cr.
Nutrition
Lectures describe the metabolism of various nutrients and their pertinent interrelationships. Class projects demonstrate the role of the dental hygienist in the nutritional assessment and counseling of patients.

BS 823. 3 cr.
Pharmacology
A study of drugs commonly encountered in dentistry. General principles of pharmacology and drug interactions will be emphasized as well as those drugs concerned with sedation, analgesia, anesthesia and chemotherapy.

BS 825. 2 cr.
Oral Pathology
Emphasis on clinical oral pathology prepares the student to recognize and diagnose common oral mucosa and bony pathoses in the head and neck area. Emphasis is placed on infectious diseases, developmental conditions, benign and malignant neoplasms, autoimmune diseases, odontogenic tumors and cysts and genetic diseases which have oral and head and neck manifestations.

CL 814. 2 cr.
Clinical Dental Hygiene I

Provides a transition from the pre-clinic setting to begin dental hygiene patient care. An orientation to clinic procedures and protocols as well as an opportunity to apply pre-clinical skills to patient care including radiographs and diagnostic study casts.

CL 815. 3 cr.
Clinical Dental Hygiene II
A continuation of Clinical Dental Hygiene I with the added clinical skill of placing sealants. Students begin providing care in additional settings such as the Pediatric Dental Clinic, University Health Center and various community outreach settings. Analysis of assessment findings is emphasized in order to plan and implement individualized comprehensive dental hygiene care.

CL 826. 5 cr.
Clinical Dental Hygiene III
A continuation of Clinical Dental Hygiene II. Problem solving, critical thinking and self-evaluation are emphasized as well as timely patient care.

CL 827. 4 cr.
Clinical Dental Hygiene IV
The culmination of all clinical courses. Students achieving clinical competence early, design and participate in clinical tracks individualized for their own professional goals.

CD 821. 1 cr.
Concepts in Community Health
Provides a background in dental public health and health education/promotion, including principles of prevention of oral disease on a community level and healthcare delivery/ financing systems. Students are introduced to health related issues affecting both the professional and society. The roles and responsibilities of the dental hygienist in promoting community oral health are emphasized.

CD 822. 2 cr.
Community Oral Health Education
Concepts in health education/health promotion for a variety of groups are reviewed. Students participate in a community-based service learning experience providing health education in a Detroit area elementary or middle school classroom.

CD 823. 1 cr.
Community Program Practicum
This is a "capstone" community health service learning course in which the students will actively be involved in assessing community needs and assets, planning, implementing, and evaluating an oral health project based directly on community identified needs. A learning portfolio compiled by the student with the on-site instructor/community mentor will detail student learning.

DH 809. 2 cr.
Biologic Basis to Soft Tissue Disease
An overview of the history and prevalence of periodontal disease. Epidemiology of periodontal disease will be used to understand the risk factors for disease progression and the relationship of periodontal disease to systemic disease. Basic microbiology, normal flora, basic immunology and host parasitic interactions will be presented.

DH 810. 5.5 cr.
Dental Hygiene Care I
An introduction to the profession of dental hygiene. Concepts and techniques of comprehensive dental hygiene patient/client care are presented and practiced in the clinical simulation lab and clinical setting. Client assessment and periodontal instrumentation are emphasized.

DH 811. 2 cr.
Dental Hygiene Care II
This is a continuation of DH 810, Dental Hygiene Care I, introducing additional skills required to practice comprehensive dental hygiene care. Theory and techniques in advanced periodontal instrumentation are also included. Emphasis is placed on clinical application of current dental hygiene theory.

DH 813. 3 cr.
Radiology
Lectures providing a basic understanding of the nature, production, effect and use of radiation in dentistry. Additional topics presented are normal radiographic anatomy, anomalies and pathology, the techniques of extra-oral radiology, the biological effects of x-ray exposure and the principles and practice of radiation hygiene. Intra-oral radiographic technique skills are developed by didactic and laboratory instruction.

DH 814. 2.5 cr.
Prevention and Cariology
Introduces concepts and strategies utilized in the promotion of oral health and prevention of oral diseases for the individual patient. Foundation knowledge in cariology is presented.

DH 815. 3 cr.
Dental Materials
Provides a background in the science dealing with the properties, manipulation and care of materials used in prevention and treatment of oral disease. This study will include the physical, mechanical, chemical and biological characteristics of these materials. In addition, this course will study the clinical application of the dental materials and their relationship to the oral environment.

DH 817. 2 cr.
Dental Anatomy
Focuses on the form, function and nomenclature of the individual teeth in the permanent and primary dentitions. Development, size, shape and distinguishing characteristics and specific variations of the teeth are presented. The physiology of normal and abnormal occlusions is presented. A lecture and laboratory format is used with laboratory activities including a variety of identification and discrimination exercises.

DH 818. 1 cr.
The Child and Adolescent Patient
Course provides entry-level preparation for clinical treatment of pediatric and adolescent patients by the dental hygiene student. Course content ranges from infancy through adolescence, including the following topics: behavior management and development, radiology, prevention techniques, tooth morphology of the primary dentition, development of the primary and mixed dentition occlusions, child abuse and neglect, local anesthesia for the pediatric patient and small group discussion of treatment planning/clinical record keeping.

DH 819. 0.5 cr.
Orthodontic Assessment
The course introduces students to the recognition of malocclusion. A review of osteology of the craniofacial region, cephalometrics, biomechanics, orthodontic treatment and the role of the dental hygienist in orthodontic practice are discussed.

DH 820. 2 cr.
Clinical Seminar
An introduction to continuing education requirements for Dental Hygiene license renewal. Seminars are presented each week enhancing the dental hygiene student's understanding of issues which impact the practice of dental hygiene. Students gain experience maintaining evidence of education activities and analyzing credentials of seminar presenters.

DH 821. 2 cr.
Special Patient Care
The study of three types of patients: individuals that are medically compromised, the physically and mentally disabled and the aged population. Emphasis will be placed on the modifications required for practicing dental hygiene care for all special patient groups.

DH 822. 0 cr.
Board Review
To assist the dental hygiene student in preparation for the National, Regional and State licensing board examinations. All licensing requirements as well as content review, test construction, effective review methods, test taking strategies and anxiety control are presented. Test simulation is also conducted.

DH 823. 1 cr.
Periodontal Therapy I
Designed to introduce students to the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of periodontal diseases. The components of periodontal diagnoses are discussed at length so that a well thought out non-0surgical plan(s) can ultimately be presented to the patient and carried out. Periodontal diseases are defined relative to the clinical and radiographic presentation.

DH 824. 3 cr.
Legal, Ethical and Professional Issues
Designed to provide the dental hygiene student with skills necessary for the practice of dental hygiene in a dynamic health care environment. These skills include legal and ethical responsibilities, management and leadership as well as an understanding of the political, social, environmental and professional issues that impact the practice of dental hygiene.

DH 828. 2 cr.
Scientific Literature
An introduction to the principles of the scientific method. Using small group discussions and activities, individual assignments, organization analysis of data in class, and a written analysis of a scientific article, students will develop skills in reading the scientific literature, evaluating professional publications, and analyzing scientific information as it applies to an evidence based practice of dental hygiene.

DH 829. 1 cr.
Scientific Presentations
The purpose of this course is to provide skills and direct student efforts to plan, develop, and present a table seminar or research poster presentation. Students will utilize research, writing, media development and communication skills in a presentation given for classmates during Student Professional Day and for future professional colleagues at a state and/or national level professional meeting.

DH 830. 1 cr.
Periodontal Therapy II
Designed to acquaint the dental hygiene student with periodontal surgical techniques and rationales in the treatment of periodontal diseases. The role of the dental hygienist before, during and after surgical periodontal therapy is stressed.

DH 831. 1 cr.
Temporomandibular Joint Pathology & Facial Pain
This course provides students the didactic knowledge and concepts involved in recognizing non-dental sources of head and jaw pain through the patient history, detecting muscle and TMJ conditions by examination and understanding the TMJ disk derangement with current imaging technology. A variety of alternative treatment approaches, their risks and benefits will be explored. Emphasis will be placed on as conceptually sound, diagnostically based, interdisciplinary-oriented, patient-centered approach.

DH 832. 1 cr.
Introduction to Ethical and Legal Issues
Introduction of the ethical and legal principles guiding the decision-making and practice of dental hygiene. The students will also become acquainted with the political, social, professional and employer/employee related issues that impact on the dental practice setting.

DH 833. 1 cr.
Management of Dental Hygiene Care
Emphasizes the management of patient care through application of the skills and knowledge of information presented in past dental hygiene courses. The focus is on problem solving related to both oral health and disease and to managing these problems within the scope of dental hygiene practice.

DS 811. 2 cr.
Physical Assessment & Management of Medical Emergencies
Provides a background in health assessment and management of medical emergencies in the dental office. The role of the dental hygienist in preventing and handling life-threatening situations is discussed.

DS 820. 2 cr.
Pain and Anxiety Control
The lecture and laboratory practicum is designed to provide students with the basic and current concepts of local anesthetics and pain control and provide for safe and effective administration of local anesthetics. Included is the rationale for pain control, psychological considerations, armamentarium, essential anatomy, physiology and pharmacology of anesthetic agents. There will be detailed instruction in local anesthetic technique and an introduction to the use of nitrous oxide analgesia as a means of anxiety control.