Academic Exploration

AEP 100. 1 cr.
Academic Exploration
Assists freshmen in clarifying educational and career objectives. Students are trained to do academic planning in order to develop an educational plan consistent with their educational and career objectives. Students become aware of educational opportunities through exploration activities which force them to examine academic options available at the University.

AEP 200. 1 cr.
Academic Alternatives
The same objectives as AEP 100, but focuses on the needs of upperclass students, transfer students, and returning adults. Separate sections are scheduled for traditional age students and adult students.

AEP 300. 0 cr.
Portfolio Development
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.
Presented in a workshop format, the course assists students in developing the skills necessary to assemble a portfolio for the purpose of requesting credit through experiential learning. Focuses on clarifying oneís personal educational and career goals and achievements, and learning to identify specific "college-level learning" acquired through such experiences.




ACC 201. 3 cr.
Principles of Accounting I
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing.
An introduction to the preparation and analysis of financial statements. Specific topics include the accounting model, general purpose financial statements and accounting for assets and liabilities.

ACC 202. 3 cr.
Principles of Accounting II
Prerequisite: ACC 201.
A continuation of ACC 201 and an introduction to the use of accounting information for management decision making. Specific topics include accounting for owners equity, determining cash flows, international accounting, product costing, budgeting and other concepts of management accounting.

ACC 307. 3 cr.
Financial Statement Analysis
Prerequisite: ACC 202.
This course adopts a user perspective and focuses on the understanding and use of corporate annual reports as a primary source of accounting information. An emphasis is put on the importance of such topics as cash flow, ratio analysis and consolidations. (This course is not open to accounting majors.)

ACC 311. 3 cr.
Financial Accounting I
Prerequisite: ACC 202.
Accounting theory, principles and practices underlying the earnings statement, retained earnings statement, statement of financial position and statement of cash flows. Emphasis is given to the measurement, valuation and reporting of assets and their effect on earnings determination.

ACC 312. 3 cr.
Financial Accounting II
Prerequisite: ACC 311.
Continues the study begun in ACC 311 of accounting theory, principles and practices underlying the financial statements. Emphasis is given to the measurement, valuation and reporting of liabilities and stockholdersí equity and their effect on earnings determination. Complex topics considered include leases, pensions and other employee retirement benefits, deferred income taxes and earnings per share. In addition, international differences in a few accounting areas are briefly discussed.

ACC 331. 3 cr.
Cost Accounting Systems and Procedures
Prerequisite: ACC 202.
This course provides a theoretical and practical knowledge of cost accounting systems and procedures. Emphasis is placed on cost terminology, costing systems, cost-volume-profit analysis, budgeting, activity-based costing, accounting for quality costs and nonfinancial performance measures.

ACC 350. 3 cr.
Accounting Information Systems
Prerequisites: CIS 100, ACC 202.
Concepts of responsive information systems. The accounting-user viewpoints are stressed. Topics include: data base concepts, internal control, technology of information systems, use of system techniques, accounting information application, management use of information, management of information systems, systems analysis and design and auditing of accounting information systems.

ACC 413. 3 cr.
Financial Accounting III
Prerequisite: ACC 312.
A critical examination of the accounting theory and practices involved in accounting for partnerships, home office and branch accounting, consolidation, purchase and pooling accounting, governmental/fund accounting and accounting for multinational enterprises.

ACC 430. 3 cr.
Federal Income Taxation I
A study of the basic principles for the determination of taxable income as established by Congress, the Internal Revenue Service and the courts. The areas of gross income, capital gains, adjusted gross income, exemptions and both personal and business deductions are emphasized.

ACC 440. 3 cr.
Federal Income Taxation II|
Prerequisite: ACC 430.
An examination of the basic tax principles applying to corporations, partnerships, estates, and trusts. Primary emphasis will be placed on the taxation of corporations and partnerships.

ACC 451. 3 cr.
Prerequisites: ACC 312, ACC 450, and MTH 214.
A study of the standards, procedures, and theories of independent and internal auditing with primary emphasis upon financial statement examinations by CPAs. Subjects include: the nature and scope of auditing, auditing standards and procedures, code of ethics, internal control and other professional and technical auditing considerations.

ACC 495. 3 cr.
Directed Studies in Accounting

Prerequisites: ACC 312 and approval of instructor and program director.
An intensive study of special topics in accounting directed by members of the regular faculty.



Addiction Studies

ADS 100. 3 cr.
Introduction to Substance Abuse

Introduction to the essential physiological, psychological and social effects of drugs and chemical dependency taught from a general systems perspective. Basic psychopharmacology of the major drugs of addiction will be included.

ADS 101. 1 cr.
Alcohol and Other Drug Awareness
Prevention course emphasizing personal decision making, alternatives to use and abuse of substances and for positive lifestyle management. Basic information and small group discussion comprise the format. Tuition Free.

ADS 120. 3 cr.
Assessment, Referral and Treatment Methods
Prerequisite: ADS 100 and PYC 100.
Identification of medical and behavioral symptoms of alcohol/other drug abuse and addiction. Differential diagnosis emphasizing dual and multiple diagnoses, systematic referral, interviewing techniques and treatment methods.

ADS 241. 3 cr.
Techniques of Individual Counseling
Prerequisite: ADS 120 and PYC 341.
Theory and practice of one-to-one counseling and didactic lecturing with emphasis on substance abuse and mental illness. Concentration on professional ethics.

ADS 242. 3 cr.
Addiction Counseling Internship
Prerequisite: ADS 241 and PYC 342.
Supervised clinical experience in a substance abuse prevention or treatment agency. Seminar attendance required.

ADS 417. 3 cr.
Chemical Dependence and Youth
Prerequisite: ADS 100 or equivalent.
Overview of adolescence with a special emphasis on alcohol/drug use, abuse and dependence. Discussion of children of alcoholics, family, assessment and treatment with applications for school, community and criminal justice system.

ADS 436. 3 cr.
Family Theory & Therapy
Prerequisite: ADS 241 and PYC 342.
Systems and other approaches to the family as a diagnostic and treatment entity. Exploration of family of origin through genogram with particular emphasis on the chemically dependent family.

ADS 440. 3 cr.
Managed Behavioral Health Care
Prerequisite: ADS 100.
Practical knowledge required for a supervisor and/or therapist to work effectively in a managed care environment. Topics include managed care basics, utilization management, quality management, performance measures, implications for patients and clinicians and how to work effectively with EAPs and employer groups.

ADS 443. 3 cr.
Group Methods
Prerequisite: ADS 241 and PYC 342.
Theory and practice of group counseling/psychotherapy with particular emphasis on addictive and dually-diagnosed populations. Class includes practicum lab and visit to Twelve Step Group meeting.

ADS 444. 3 cr.
Advanced Internship
Prerequisite: ADS 436 and ADS 443.
Clinical placement in a prevention, treatment, or EAP agency for intensive supervised experience. (300 hours at clinical site.)

ADS 447. 3 cr.
Employee Assistance Programming
Prerequisite: ADS 100.
Design and implementation of programs for businesses and other organizations that will effectively help employees and family members with personal problems that may be affecting their job performance.

ADS 450. 3 cr.
Prevention and Intervention in Substance Abuse
Prerequisite: ADS 100.
Multi-disciplinary approaches to prevention and early arrest. Special attention is given to educational systems and community organization.

ADS 460. 3 cr.
Spirituality and Recovery
Prerequisite: ADS 100.
Exploration of the connection between spirituality, addiction and recovery. Particular emphasis on pastoral counseling approaches and recovery as a process of spiritual growth.

ADS 470. 3 cr.
Qualitative Research
Prerequisite: Upper level standing.
Research course exploring several alternative qualitative methods, including phenomenology. Students are challenged to study human behavior in ways that bring fresh insights to the social sciences.

ADS 495. 3 cr.
Addictive Populations
Prerequisite: Advanced ADS standing.
Capstone course integrating previous ADS course material with a multi-cultural focus and concentrating on special populations of addicts (ethnic, gender, age, disability, sexual orientation, etc.) as well as special addictive behaviors (gambling, eating, sexual, work, religion, etc.)

ADS 199. 1 cr.
Independent Study

ADS 299. 2 cr.
Independent Study

ADS 399. 3 cr.
Independent Study

ADS 499. 4 cr.
Independent Study



African American Studies

AAS 200. 3cr.
Critical Perspectives in African-American Studies
An introduction to major concepts, theories, and paradigms of inquiry in African-American Studies. Students engage a variety of approaches through reading, discussion, of key works by African-American scholars and social thinkers, both contemporary and historical. Application of selected concepts, theories and paradigms of inquiry to relevant issues in contemporary Detroit.

AAS 300. 3cr.
Topics in African American Studies
An interdisciplinary examination of selected topics in African- American Studies. Topic varies.

AAS 490. 3cr.
Integrative Seminar
(Pre-requisites: AAS 200 and nine additional hours in courses approved for African-American Studies credit)
A seminar designed to allow students to integrate critical perspectives encountered in African-American Studies courses. Students design and complete an individual culminating project involving service -learning or scholarly research on a relevant topic from the contemporary or historical African-American experience.

AAS 495. 3cr.
Directed Studies
Directed studies or research in an interdisciplinary area of interest to the student. Permission of the instructor and director of the program required.



American Language and Culture

Special courses for new international students.

AL 400. 0 cr.
American Studies
Functions as an extension of the orientation program by offering new international students an opportunity to explore American culture. In addition, students encounter a variety of subjects chosen to assist in adjusting to the new environment. American Studies is required of all international students studying in the United States for the first time and who are not placed in full-time English as a Second Language study.

Beginning English

AL 101. 0 cr.
Intensive English
An intensive 22 hours of concentrated study each week. Students are placed into homogenous sections to study grammar, vocabulary, speed reading, reading comprehension, pronunciation, speaking skills, listening, note taking, writing, American culture, and five hours of computer assisted instruction in grammar and vocabulary.

AL 201. 0-4 cr.
Intermediate English

AL 201.
Academic Reading Component
The main objectives of the intermediate reading course are vocabulary development, reading comprehension, and reading efficiency. Students study techniques necessary for comprehending major-field texts as well as other materials they encounter daily.

AL 201.
Listening and Speaking Component
This intermediate level oral/aural course includes training in the techniques and skills of lecture comprehension, note taking, oral presentation and group task-solving techniques.

AL 201.
Academic Writing Component
Prepares students for the writing tasks they will be asked to perform in their academic programs. Academic writing involves summarizing information, writing descriptions, making observations, and explaining processes.

Advanced English

AL 315. 0-4 cr.
Academic Writing and Culture Seminar
This courseís primary objective is to provide an advanced international ESL student with the composition skills necessary for graduate and undergraduate class work. Topics include summarizing information, writing descriptions, making observations, and explaining processes.

AL 316. 0-4 cr.
Accent Reduction
This elective class is designed for students who need to improve their speaking and listening skills. Instruction focuses on subject matter comprehension, discussion, and the improvement of speech articulation and pronunciation. Where a need is indicated, academic presentations are included. Students who wish to improve their oral presentation skills to qualify for teaching assistantships may elect this class.

AL 317. 0-4 cr.
Writing Laboratory
Instruction focuses on the steps for developing a well organized and properly developed term or thesis paper. These include an introduction to library resources, choosing and limiting topics, reading, note taking, paraphrasing, summarizing sources, organizing and documentation. May be taken as an independent study.

AL 318. 0 cr.
World of Ideas
Philosophical and cultural concepts from Western and Eastern thought, both traditional and modern, are developed through reading, discussions, and writing. This course is a conceptual preparation for studies in philosophy, psychology, politics, economics, science and theology.

AL 500. 0 cr.
International Enrollment
A special enrollment class for international students who have completed all course work, but who must maintain enrollment status while engaged in dissertation, thesis, or other work necessary to the completion of a degree.




Explanation of course credits: (4-0-12) indicates 4 credit hours, 0 recitation hours and 12 studio hours per week.

AR 110 4-0-12
Architectural Design I
(Prerequisite: Admission to the School of Architecture or permission of advisor.)
The first semester is introductory, whose character is high energy, creative, reflective and enthusiastic. It is intended to introduce students to design concepts of form, space, composition, in two and three dimensions and how they relate to human experiences. Students are introduced to the principles of design and the design process as a foundation for architectural design. Being the first studios course, the assumption is that the student comes with limited to no design or drawing skills.

AR 111 3-0-9
Visual Communication I
(Prerequisite: Admission to the School of Architecture or permission of advisor.)
The first course in architectural graphic analysis and presentation techniques. Students are introduced to the basic techniques in life drawing and design illustration. The course stresses perspective projection as a primary method for studying and representing three-dimensional shapes in two dimensions. Model drawing is introduced to provide human scale for architectural studies. Monochromatic graphic tools are used ranging from pencil to graphic pen.

AR 116 3-2-3
Introduction to Computer Graphics
An introduction to computer graphics. This first course utilizes Autodesk AutoCAD on IBM compatible hardware. The course stresses three dimensional digital modeling as a primary method of communication and design and includes elements of computer visualization techniques. Students acquire hands-on experience through a series of laboratory exercises and individual projects.

AR 119 1-1-0
Introduction to Architecture
Introduction to Architecture is offered to first year architecture students to create awareness of the profession of architecture. The course looks at the history of the profession; how architecture is practiced in the United States; how the profession is changing; current issues with the architectural profession; the tenets of the American Institute of Architects; and ethical concerns facing a practitioner today. The course gives students a broad based background into architecture before they have an opportunity to be engaged in practice through cooperative education and internship after graduation.

AR 120 4-0-12
Architectural Design II
(Prerequisite: AR 110 or permission of advisor.)
Design II is intended to introduce students to design concepts directly related to the design of buildings and spatial experience. It is characterized by several short term, intense projects that introduce the student to the many scales and concerns of architectural design from the study of exterior spaces, to the programming of a space, to the detail of its constructability. It is establishing the fundamentals of all aspects of architectural design- from posing initial questions, conceptualization and issues of realization, to materiality and constructability.

AR 121 3-0-9
Visual Communication II
(Prerequisite: AR 111.)
This course builds on the experiences from AR 111. Color techniques are introduced such as pastels and watercolors. The subjects in this course range from still-life and architectural interiors to perspective presentation renderings. The complete sequence provides students with the visual language to analyze and communicate graphically various types of architectural concepts.

AR 130 4-0-12
Architectural Design III
(Prerequisite: AR 120 and admission to the School of Architecture.)
Design III is intended to transfer ideas explored in first year into their architectural applications while introducing students to the design of simple buildings and spaces as a creative integration of multiple systems i.e. concept, site, function, structure, mechanical systems, accessibility, materials and codes. The overall intent is to give students the opportunity to understand and explore in more detail how various systems inform, integrate and coordinate the design of architectural form and space. This term focuses on the issues of the integration of form and structure and the issue of materiality/ constructability.

AR 140 4-0-12
Architectural Design IV
(Prerequisite: AR 130.)
Design IV is a continuation of studies begun in Design III. It is intended to further develop the studentís ability to design buildings and building complexes within the context of integrated multiple systems. The issues of focus for this term include also sustainability, environmental systems and the design of a totally integrated project.

AR 210, 220, 230, & 240 5-0-15
Architectural Design V- VIII
(Prerequisite: AR 140.)
This series of studios combines students from the third and fourth years into a common studio to explore a particular project type and theme. These projects change from term to term. Project types include: housing, civic buildings, urban design, retail, office, health care and manufacturing buildings, etc. Themes include: community design, architectural competitions, historic preservation, electronic design, sustainable design, representation, design-build and architectural theory. Examples include: an electronic design studio for the design of a German Embassy for the City of Detroit, a design- build studio for the design and construction of a prototypical design studio space and a community design studio for the design of a VFW Hall. It is the intent of these studios to broaden and deepen the studentís design skills and experiences while preparing them for the Masterís Studios.

AR 212 3-3-0
Architectural History & Theory I
(Prerequisite: Second Year Standing.)
An examination of the emergence and development of manís constructed environment from antiquity to the Industrial Revolution. This course examines various architectural traditions and traces the development of architectural form as an expression of social, religious, political and technological conditions.

AR 213 3-3-0
Principles of Structural Behavior
An analysis of known structural systems in terms of spatial behavior in non-mathematical terms. The basic approaches to structure, proper scale of use and the effects of various materials, geometry and construction techniques are integrated into the course content. Illustrated lectures covering buildings from ancient to modern are used to demonstrate structural principles.

AR 215 3-3-0
Construction I
(Prerequisite: Third year standing.)
An exploration of principles and methods of architectural construction including the study of various exterior wall systems relative to different structural systems. The investigation provides an overview beginning with earth and footings and concludes at the roof where various roof to wall conditions are evaluated.

AR 216 3-2-3
Computer Aided Design
(Prerequisite: AR 116.)
The second course in computer aided design uses primarily Autodesk 3D Studio software. The emphasis is on visualization and design. Students learn how to assemble complex three-dimensional, digital architectural landscapes equipped with real-life attributes of light, building materials, etc. These objects are rendered and animated to facilitate the needs of the design process as well as complex graphic presentations. Additional postprocessing and graphic software is introduced.

AR 220 5-0-15
Architectural Design VI
(Prerequisite: AR 210.)
See description under AR 210.

AR 222 3-3-0
Architectural History and Theory II
(Prerequisite: AR 212.)
An examination of the development of architecture from the Industrial Revolution to present day. The course examines the fundamental themes underlying the creation of modern architectural form and relates them to developments in the other plastic arts. The course makes extensive use of slides and visual materials.

AR 225 3-3-0
Construction II
(Prerequisite: AR 215.)
Principles, materials and methods of architectural construction are examined as they relate to the exterior enclosure systems of buildings. An analysis of materials and systems, including: dampproofing, waterproofing, curtain walls, windows, glass and glazing, sealants and joint design, moisture and heat control is undertaken. Codes and standards are considered for their affects on the technical aspects of the construction process. The importance of maintaining the integrity of exterior enclosure systems is stressed.

AR 230 5-0-15
Architectural Design VII
(Prerequisite: AR 220.)
See description under AR 210.

AR 233 3-3-0
Structures I
(Prerequisite: PHY 120.)
Analysis of structures. This course teaches the mathematical calculation of structures through lectures and individual problem assignments. It focuses on resolution of forces; reaction; forces in frames and trusses; and forces in frames with beams. Also examined are characteristics of structural materials and structural components: shear and bending movements, flexural and shear stresses, combined stresses, principal stresses, combined bending and axial loads and stresses, deflection, continuity in structures. Light weight wood framing is presented as is wood as a structural material.

AR 234 3-3-0
Environmental Technology I
(Prerequisite: PHY 120.)
Theory and application of building plumbing systems and of heating, ventilating, cooling, humidity control and fire protection. Emphasizes the effects these requirements have on architecture in terms of human comfort and health.

AR 240 5-0-15
Architectural Design VIII
(Prerequisite: AR 230.)
See description under AR 210.

AR 243 3-3-0
Structures II
(Prerequisite: AR 233.)
This second course in structures focuses on principles of design of simple structures. Primarily studied are the design of beams, columns, trusses, built-up components and foundations in standard structural materials, steel and concrete. Related building construction techniques as well as lateral and seismic loading is also presented.

AR 244 3-3-0
Environmental Technology II
(Prerequisite: PHY 120.)
Physical theory of light and color; subjective determination of light level and lighting quality; building electrical systems; sound energy, transmission and absorption, room acoustics and noise control.

AR 252 3-3-0
Architectural History & Theory III
(Prerequisite: AR 222.)
An examination of selected examples of contemporary theory. The course closely examines competing ideas regarding architecture, urbanism and landscape and their implication for contemporary design.

AR 290 through 299 series
Special Problems in Architecture by arrangement
(Prerequisite: 2.75 GPA and permission of the instructor and the dean.)
Courses under this sequence may be applied to the elective requirements. These courses are basically directed studies with the permission of a faculty member selected by the student. Students electing this path may select any topic that is related to the problems of the environment.

AR 314 3-3-0
Energy and Architecture
(Prerequisite: AR 234.)
An investigation of energy conservation and use in building design with a concentration on passive approaches. Sustainable design, energy management, climate, daylighting, passive heating & cooling and earth sheltering strategies are highlighted.

AR 381 3-0-9
(Prerequisite: participation in the Polish Exchange Program.)
A studio class in architectural drawing which utilizes the internationally recognized Polish system. The class emphasizes drawing from life, memory and imagination and attempts to develop methods of visualization and representation introducing techniques uncommon in the U.S. A variety of graphic media are examined.

AR 382 3-3-0
History of Polish & Vernacular Architecture
(Prerequisite: Participation in the Polish Exchange Program.)
A lecture class taught by several professors from the department of History and Preservation examining Polish architectural history, town planning & vernacular architecture, and architectural preservation. Field trips to historic sites such a Krakow, Lublin, Torun, Gdansk, Zamosc and Kasimierz Dolny are required. Students document monuments and other major works of architecture located in those cities.

AR 390 through 399 series
Special Problems in Architecture by arrangement
(Prerequisite: 2.75 G.P.A. and permission of the instructor and the dean.)
Courses under this sequence may be applied to the elective requirements. These courses are basically directed studies with the permission of a faculty member selected by the student. Students electing this path may select any topic that is related to the problems of the environment.

AR 488 3-0-9
Urban & Regional Planning
(Prerequisite: Participation in the Polish Exchange Program.)
A studio course that examines the physical development of a district of Warsaw or a small town nearby. This course analyzes the physical, social and economic conditions of the study area, develops a master plan addressing salient issues arising from the analysis and proposes an urban design expression for those issues. The course attempts to be responsive to Polandís transition to a free market economy by incorporating workable solutions to Warsawís rapidly changing physical environment.

AR 490 through 499 series
Special Problems in Architecture by arrangement
(Prerequisite: 2.75 G.P.A., fourth year standing and permission of the instructor & the dean.)
Courses under this sequence may be applied to the elective requirements. These courses are basically directed studies with the permission of a faculty member selected by the student. Students electing this path may select any topic that is related to the problems of the environment.

AR 510 5-0-15
Masterís Studio I
(Prerequisite: AR 240 and admission into the Masterís Program.)
The student poses the "question" that the Masterís project will address. The question leads to the development of the architectural program and the selection of the site for the project. Design analysis and conceptualization phases are begun.

AR 518 3-3-0
Urban Design Issues
(Prerequisite: Fifth-year standing.)
This course challenges architecture students to critically analyze the urban environment by exposing them to a cross-disciplinary discussion of architecture, urban design and urban planning theory. Detroit is used as a common point of discussion.

AR 519 3-3-0
Profession of Architecture
(Prerequisite: Fifth-year standing.)
This course examines professional practice issues including internship, construction documents, firm organization, codes, compensation, financial management, marketing and the architectís responsibilities in the project delivery process.

AR 520 5-0-15
Masterís Studio II
(Prerequisite: AR 510.)
Studies begun in Masterís Studio I are continued. Articulation of the design concept, presentation of design conclusions and reflection on the total learning experience, its process and products of the Masterís Studio are the foci of this course. Documentation of the entire effort, incorporating research through design proposal in written and graphical forms, is required.

AR 524 3-3-0
Sustainability and Architecture
(Prerequisite: AR 314.)
This course explores, investigates and analyzes the concepts associated with the issue of "sustainability" as it relates to Architecture and Urbanization. It examines what is presently being designed within the concept of sustainable "Green" buildings as well as what is forecast for the future

AR 527 3-3-0
Architectural Analysis
(Prerequisite: Fifth-year standing.)
Seminar and lecture activities related to evaluation of specific architectonic elements of building relating these to psychological responses, the visual language of building, and syntactic process.

AR 529 3-1-6
Development Practicum
(Co-requisite: FIN 460-Fifth-year standing.)
Students, under the direction of the instructor, will undertake the analysis of an actual land development project including market analysis, financial feasibility and process of implementation.

AR 534 3-3-0
Sustainability Lab
This lab applies Sustainable Design strategies to the study of architectural and environmental problems. Passive heating, cooling and daylighting computer software is used to analyze and evaluate building design options and decisions. Project topics vary according to student interest.

AR 551 3-0-9
Visual Communication Selected Topics
(Prerequisite: Fifth-year standing.)
It is designed to provide the student with a graduate concentration or graduate elective in the area of visual communications. Topics and content of the course varies.

AR 559 3-3-0
Architecture & Construction Law
(Prerequisite: Fifth-year standing.)
This course stresses the importance of selecting the proper structure for business ventures such as corporations and partnerships. It explores the liability of architects as a result of client relationships and construction difficulties. Also covered are problems facing the private practitioner, including bonding requirements and architectural malpractice.

AR 589 3-3-0
Vernacular Architecture
(Prerequisite: Fifth-year standing.)
This course surveys world vernacular architecture, including the folk traditions of the Americas, Africa, Oceania, Europe and Asia. Emphasis in the course is placed on the vernacular architecture of the United States.

AR 590 through 599 series
Special Problems in Architecture by arrangement
(Prerequisite: Graduate status, and permission of the instructor and the dean.)
Courses under this sequence may be applied to the graduate concentration or elective requirements. These courses are basically directed studies with the permission of a faculty member selected by the student. Students electing this path may select any topic that is related to the problems of the environment.

ARC 391 2-0-0
Architecture Co-op I
(Prerequisite: CEC 300.)
The nature and intent of these cooperative training assignments is fully explained in the description "Cooperative Education Sequence" found elsewhere in this catalog.

ARC 392 2-0-0
Architecture Co-op II
(Prerequisite: ARC 391.)

ARC 393 (Optional) 2-0-0
Architecture Co-op III
(Prerequisite: ARC 392.)